The Elna Grasshopper was Switzerland’s answer to America’s Singer Featherweight. They are similar in weight and portability, but there are many differences as well.

The Elna Grasshopper is the very first sewing machine produced by Elna. For this reason, it didn’t have a model number or name.

The color and the styling resembled an insect. Thus, the first sewing machine made by Elna became known as the Grasshopper.

The Elna Grasshopper was in production from 1940 until 1952, and was one of the best selling sewing machines of the time.

It was the first mass produced portable free arm sewing machine, and gave the Singer Featherweight a run for its money.

The Grasshopper was invented by a Spanish Civil War refugee named Ramon Casas, and mass produced in Geneva, Switzerland by the firm, Tavaro S. A.

While the Grasshopper was not released for public distribution until 1940, it has actually been around since 1936. At the time, Europe was embroiled in World War II, and Tavaro was involved in manufacturing munitions.

However, due to the Swiss policy of neutrality, the war related product line was eliminated. With the factory quiet, Tavaro shifted to making sewing machines and the world was introduced to the Elna Grasshopper.

The Grasshopper’s efficient and functional metal carrying case was ideal for wartime.

Whenever bombs were dropping, bullets whizzing through the streets and soldiers were marching through small towns, the Elna sewing machine was easy to pack up and compact, making it possible for refugees escaping the horrors of war to carry it as they fled to safe havens on trains and buses.

At A Glance

When you first see the case, you aren’t sure what’s inside. Then after opening it up you are first struck by how cute the whole thing is… a little green sewing machine tucked inside with a metal accessories box, operating manuals [this one had two] and an electrical cord.

Elna Grasshopper, first sewing machine by elna

Elna Grasshopper, first sewing machine by elna

The machine itself looks kind of funny. There’s this metal thing hanging from it. At first glance, we weren’t sure if it was a hanging rod or some weird attachment.

Upon further inspection, we realized it was a knee controlled replacement for the traditional foot pedal.

Elna Grasshopper at a glance

Elna Grasshopper at a glance

The next thing that caught our attention was the fact that the fly wheel is at the bottom of the machine, not the top.

At least it’s still on the right hand side. The motor is located directly behind the fly wheel. It really looks a little funny, but very innovative for when it was made.

The power switch is located on the very top of the machine. The light housed above the needle, giving the user the best possible illumination while sewing, a definite improvement over the Featherweight.


This odd looking all metal portable sewing machine is equipped with the following standard features:

  • Straight stitch only
  • Knee lift
  • Two owner’s manuals
  • Carrying case doubles as work table
  • Free arm

Working on the Elna Grasshopper

The carrying case is functional in more ways than just providing a neat means of transport for the Grasshopper. It converts into a sewing table.

Carrying case converted in to a sewing table

Carrying case converted in to a sewing table

I’m not sure how many other portable sewing machine carrying cases have as many unique features, but this one has certainly got to be at or near the top of the list.

Unpacking the case is reminiscent of opening one of those surprise gift boxes. As we opened it up, we found not one but two owner’s manuals, the accessories box, an electrical cord … of course the sewing machine itself… and once it’s empty, it lies flat to form a sewing table.

NOTE: in doing research, we learned that the Elna Grasshopper also came with two oil cans, but they apparently did not make it with this particular unit.

With a case like this, you only need access to electricity to whip up a great outfit. You can literally open up an Elna Grasshopper and sew almost anywhere.

Just imagine riding on a train, waiting in an airport terminal or sitting in a coffee shop and sewing away while sipping on your favorite cappuccino, zooming along the rails to your next destination or waiting for your flight to start boarding.

Threading the Elna Grasshopper is a simple process

Threading the Elna Grasshopper is a simple process

The only drawback is that when you use the carrying case as a sewing table, you do not have access to the free arm or bobbin case.

Threading the Elna Grasshopper is a simple process, but different from anything we had seen on other sewing machines.

There are no onboard guides, like those found on today’s sewing machines, but if you are familiar with operating sewing machines at all, you can figure it out easily.

If, like a lot of people you are new on the sewing scene, the owner’s manual does a very good job of explaining the threading process step by step.

Winding the bobbin is a little different from winding bobbins on other machines. The bobbin winding pin is located behind the balance wheel, attached to the motor axle.

Unlike most machines, it is not necessary to turn the balance wheel before winding the bobbin. The trick to remember, though, is the machine will NOT sew if you leave a spare bobbin on the bobbin pin.

If, like most sewers, you wind several bobbins at once to complete a project, you must stash your next bobbin someplace other than the bobbin winding pin.

Winding the bobbin is a little different

Winding the bobbin is a little different

When it comes to adjusting the tension, you have to use a thumb nut to adjust the tension. For some reason, getting the right tension setting was a little challenging for me.

I’m not sure what the drawback was. We are certainly accustomed to manually adjusting tension, but getting this one right took much longer than usual. Once we found the correct tension setting, however, things went smoothly.

Working with the knee control on a portable machine was interesting. Although we are accustomed to working with knee controls on cabinet mounted sewing machines, it took a minute for me to position our self so that sewing on the Elna Grasshopper was comfortable, but just one minute.

Finding a comfortable position and level only required a little shifting of our chair and we were ready for action.

The Elna Grasshopper is a straight stitch only sewing machine. The two step adjustable stitch length regulator is not the easiest to operate, but it works fine.

Like many other straight stitch only machines, the stitches produced by the Grasshopper are neat and have that distinctive look about them.

However, in our opinion, these stitches are not as neat as the stitches produced by the Singer Featherweight.

We found that even though it is equipped with a speed reducer, the Elna Grasshopper was not as fast as the Featherweight either.

The Featherweight we had reviewed a little while ago sews approximately 1,000 stitches per minute. We just didn’t get that feeling with this machine.

If you ask me, it stitches at the rate of about 500-700 stitches per minute. Don’t get us wrong. This is very good when you think of how small this machine is.

It is also relatively quiet… which bodes well if you actually do decide to break out your Grasshopper and start sewing in a coffee shop or airport terminal.


  • Natural fibers/cotton-linen-wool
  • Fine fabrics/silk-satin-taffeta/velvet
  • Knits
  • Synthetic fabrics/blends-rayon-polyester
  • Upholstery
  • Leather/suede
  • Fur
  • Canvas/Twill
  • Plastic/Rubber
  • Extra thick fabrics or multiple layers


The green and black metal accessories box that came with this machine looks exactly like it did when it was first purchased.

Green and black metal accessories box

Green and black metal accessories box

In fact, the carrying case and sewing machine are both in remarkably good condition – especially when you consider how old they are.

Inside the accessory box, we found a zipper foot, ruffling foot, darning foot, cording foot, a binding foot, and a spare screw with accompanying nut.

A small screwdriver and lint brush were also included in the accessories box. The brush is used to help get rid of lint, dust and thread snips while cleaning the machine.

The screwdriver was included to help with opening the light housing, making bobbin tension adjustments when necessary and changing presser feet.

Accessories of Elna Grasshopper

Accessories of Elna Grasshopper

This particular machine comes with two manuals… the main owner’s manual and a supplemental manual that gives more detailed instructions for using the accessories.

We suspect that the supplemental manual may have been acquired after the machine was first purchased, but there is no way of verifying this theory.


After each useMonthly*Once Each Year**As Needed
Clean race hook and feed dogs
Wipe head with soft dry cloth
Wipe head with soft damp cloth
Service by sewing machine repair professional

* more often if the machine is used for extended periods of time or if used frequently

**more often if the machine is used heavily or if it is not operating properly

The instruction manual is an excellent resource for oiling the Elna Grasshopper. The metal construction means that oil points are everywhere on this little green dynamo.

One thing that really caused us to stop and take a second look is that the manufacturer not only recommends that a little bit of oil be put at several points all over the machine, users are also advised to add a little bit of kerosene near the bobbin shuttle.

Kerosene is a highly combustible fluid and we are not so sure we would recommend its use, but the owner’s manual specifically states oil at some points and kerosene at others.

Tying Off The Loose Ends

When you consider when the Elna Grasshopper was introduced on the market and the conditions of the time, it is easy to understand why it was a top seller.

The sturdy metal carrying case and the fact that it converts into a compact workspace was clearly a strong selling point in those uncertain times.

Taking a sewing machine into a warzone is not something that anyone would consider, but the Elna Grasshopper was conceived during war times.

No doubt, Casas had that in mind when he included all of those fantastic functional and portable features in his invention.

When it comes to using it today, however, the Elna Grasshopper leaves something to be desired.

First of all, the fact that it produces only straight stitches is a major drawback when you put it up against machines that can do practically everything except drive itself home.

A straight stitch only machine

A straight stitch only machine

Threading, bobbin winding and tension adjustments on the Elna Grasshopper are difficult for the beginning home sewer.

Even some seasoned home sewers might be skittish when faced with this vintage workhorse. Let’s face it.

We have been spoiled by machines with features like self threading, automatic bobbin winding and automatic tension adjustment.

Then there’s the maintenance. Oiling the Elna Grasshopper is no cake walk. There are lots of moving parts that require attention, and lots of steps to getting the machine oiled properly.

And when you think about it … if you had this machine at home, you would need to keep kerosene in your house! Even the smallest amount of kerosene could spark a fire.

We must admit that we are honestly not certain we would want this machine in our collection, except as a showpiece.

If you decide that you want to use it as well, make sure you clean and service it in a well ventilated place to reduce the possibility of an accidental fire.

If, on the other hand, you have the space and have a passion for displaying vintage sewing machines, the Elna Grasshopper should definitely be in your collection.

It is after all the very first sewing machine produced by Elna. That alone makes the Grasshopper worthy of a place of honor in your collection.

When you consider the utility of the carrying case and the fact that this is the first portable free arm sewing machine, you have even more reasons for including the Grasshopper in your display.

Elna Grasshopper Review
Skill Level:
Needs lots of help – able to sew a straight seam but unfamiliar with most sewing techniques; needs assistance and instruction on basic sewing techniques.
Competent – can make different clothing items without assistance or guidance, but not good enough to sew intricate projects or to sew without a pattern.
Expert – can sew anything without instruction or assistance; possesses an expansive knowledge of sewing techniques and terminology.
Stitch quality
Ease of use
  • Easily transported
  • Compact construction
  • Metal construction
  • Straight stitch only
  • Slow speed
  • Challenging threading process
3.5Overall Score
Reader Rating: (16 Votes)

23 Responses

  1. Patty Lugo

    Husband brought in a Elna grasshopper with a date stamp on bottom of 12 ave 1951. we are assuming it was made in the 3rd series. does not have the accessory box or manuals or oil cans. Do you know if these have much of a worth. This does work. Thanks for any updates.

  2. Vernelle

    Patty –

    Thank you for visiting Sewing Insight. The Elna Grasshopper I reviewed is still available for sale at the Pfaff Sewing Center in Ft. Lauderdale. The asking price is very low… less than $100 as I recall. It, too, works and although the oil dispenser is missing, most of the accessories and instruction manuals are intact. My guess is if you try to sell it, you won’t get more than about $50 if that much.

    The good news is your Elna Grasshopper works. Enjoy it and celebrate it for the conversation piece that it is.

    Happy stitching.

  3. Catherine Carr

    Just had my Grasshopper checked over by TSA on its flight home from Colorado. Guess others think it looks military as well. 😀 I’ve saved the piece of tape they left on the accessories box as evidence of its adventures.

  4. hicham

    Could an Elna Grashopper be considered an antique, and how much it could cost for this?

  5. Maureen

    Seeing the accessories I noticed a foot that looks like a darning foot. Along side was a small a rectangular piece of metal with a hole in the center. I have seen other machines with these same attachments. I believe the metal piece fits over the feed dogs and then the machine can be used for free hand darning. I am missing the small metal rectangle.

  6. johanne Kieran

    I have been using the “grasshopper” for more than 40 years and it has served me well as a basic machine with very few problems. But my belt has stretched and I need a new one, can anyone tell me the size I need? I took it off to look for one and left it somewhere>

  7. Tim

    Have one for sale. Asking 500 for it. If intrested please call 920-672-7142. THANK YOU!

      • Howard

        The Grasshopper uses standard Elna bobbins which are smooth on one side and have holes on the other side…They usually come 12 in a clear plastic storage box…got mine on E-Bay for $9.49…

  8. Olle

    I have some problems with my Elna #1. When I made a comprehensive service and tested everything worked, I began to pack the accessories. After a short while smoke rose from the engine… I did not run it, but the cord was plugged in! It turned out that it was the capacitor that no longer worked. I removed it, but forgot to notice how the cables were mounted !!! A repairman stated that it is OK to run the machine without the capacitor, but then I have to know how the cables should be installed again. Can someone send a picture or sketch how this should be? Pleeease!!! (Spelling!!!)

    • Howard Goldstein

      Hello Olle,
      …and don’t forget the folded knee lift looks like a grasshopper’s folded legs…

      Sorry I can’t help you out with the particulars…I have also purchased 2 Grasshopper clones made by the Portman Sewing Machine Co.. One has the Newhome name on it & the other has Montgomery Ward name on it…They are identical to each other & look almost exactly like the Grasshopper, but with foot control instead of the knee control & both are a mottled grey in color…..They all sew up a storm!!

  9. Johanna

    I’m looking for a power cord for the grasshopper can anyone help me with that?

    • Howard Goldstein

      Hello, I purchased a power cord from E-Bay last year…made by the Jinguan Wire Cable Co. Item# on the female side of the cord is 50346N…Hope this is of help, Howard

    • Howard Goldstein

      …found it for you currently on E-Bay…

      Pfaff 230,260,332,362 Bernina 530,534,730 Elna Green Lead Power Cord #50346N

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  10. Patti Moorcroft-Tasker

    I have a grasshopper… reads model # 50. It was my Mother’s and she left it to me. There are an assortment of feet that I am unsure how to use. There is no manual! I really need to know how to use all the assessories. Is there any chance of finding a manual for my little green beast? Does anyone have any idea where I could get one? Any help would be greatly appreciated! Thank you kindly ☺

  11. Dennis stark

    I have a grasshopper no 1 looking for a speed reducer a motor capacitor and acc box.


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